Revista de Cercetare si Interventie Sociala

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Socio-Demographic Situation in Kazakhstan: Problems of Reproduction

Socio-Demographic Situation in Kazakhstan: Problems of Reproduction



Cod: ISSN: 1583-3410 (print), ISSN: 1584-5397 (electronic)
Dimensiuni: pp. 139-153

How to cite this article:

Zhankubayev, B.A., Gnevasheva, V.A., Ganiyeva, G.K., Sadunova, A.G. (2021). Socio-Demographic Situation in Kazakhstan: Problems of Reproduction. Revista de Cercetare si Interventie Sociala, 75, 139-153, DOI: 10.33788/rcis.75.9


An increase in the birth rates and a decrease in mortality is currently one of the priority lines of the development of society. From a purely technocratic standpoint, development of the population should be based on accurate knowledge of the number of consumers and the movement of needs, without which it is impossible to solve many social problems in general. The paper addresses a question of the need to orient the economy towards the development of a person and the population as a whole. The purpose and objectives of the study were to identify the dynamics of the population size, natural increase, the main trends in the growth of birth rate, the analysis of the causes of death, including infant mortality, the study of the marriage and divorce rates, migration. In the main part of the paper, the indicators of the population size in the republic over the past 17 years and in recent years are considered, including: the main trends in population growth, factors affecting the growth and decrease in mortality, causes of infant mortality, migration balance, marriage and divorce rates, both in the republic as a whole and region-wise. In conclusion, proposals were made to create favourable conditions for the demographic growth of population of the republic. Today, the solution of problems in the field of demographic policy is becoming increasingly important. It is necessary to accurately determine the priority paths of demographic growth, taking into account the specifics of the development of the population of Kazakhstan. In the future, this would facilitate the solution of demographic problems in terms of improving the demographic situation, which will contribute to the prosperity of the whole state.


population, birth rate, mortality, marriage rate, divorce rate, migration, population growth factors.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.33788/rcis.75.9

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