Revista de Cercetare si Interventie Sociala

  • Increase font size
  • Default font size
  • Decrease font size

Risk factors for hepatitis C virus infection

Risk factors for hepatitis C virus infection


Daniela LECA
Mihaela RADU


Lumen, 2009

Dimensiuni:pp. 60-75

How to cite this article:

Miftode, E., Leca, D., Radu, M., Miftode, R. (2009). Risk factors for hepatitis C virus infection. Revista de Cercetare si Interventie Sociala, 26, 60-75.


Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection in adults is the leading cause of chronic disease and cirrhosis. Globally, an estimated 200 million persons are chronically infected with HCV and 3 to 4 million persons are newly infected each year. Improved sanitary and socioeconomic conditions over time have greatly affected the frequency of HCV infection causing a decreased risk of infection along generation. However, the younger population is particularly at risk due to certain practices (use of intravenous drugs, tattooing, piercing) known to favor HCV transmission. Such practices often begin during adolescence when awareness of hepatitis C is low. We have conducted a prospective study in which have been included 286 patients with chronic hepatitis C hospitalized in the Clinic Hospital of Infectious Diseases Iasi between 2004 and 2007. The aim of this study was to investigate the risk factors for the acquisition of hepatitis C virus in patients with chronic hepatitis. The study confirms that the most relevant risk factors for the acquisition of HCV are transfusions of blood before 1993 (32%) followed by dental procedures (25,5%) and health care related procedures (20%). Accidental needlstick, was reported by 16 patients (5,6%). Patients older than 40 years had a significant higher rate of declared risk factors compared with younger patients (p=0,038). The results of this study stress the need of strict adherence to universal precautionary measures. Because the quality of knowledge regarding hepatitis C is very poor among adolescents it would be beneficial for public health a strong intervention to present the most relevant risk factors for the acquisition of this virus.


Hepatitis C virus; risk factors;

Download: Risk factors for hepatitis C virus infection